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한국국제정치학회 지음, 『Issues and Perspectives in The Korean Peace Process』

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2021.07.08
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한국국제정치학회 지음, 『Issues and Perspectives in The Korean Peace Process』



한국국제정치학회 지음 | 휴인 펴냄 |  202102월 25일 발행

ISBN 979-11-5901-852-7 [93340]













  이 책은 1990년대 이래 대북정책을 고찰함으로써 현 정부의 한반도 평화프로세스정책에 대한 폭넒은 이해를 구하고자 한다. 한반도 평화프로세스는 남북한 갈등을 해결하고 북한을 비핵화하기 위해서 고안된 것이다. 김대중 정부하에서 대북 햇볕정책이 있었고 최초의 남북정상회담이 열렸다. 노무현 정부도 대북 포용정책을 이어갔으며 2006년에 북한의 첫 번째 핵무기 실험에도 불구하고 2007년에 두 번째 남북정상회담이 이뤄졌다. 2017년에 문재인 정부는 김대중·노무현 정부의 대북정책을 계승했고 그동안 수차례의 남북정상의 만남이 있었다. 남북한 간 한반도의 항구적 평화와 완전한 비핵화를 위한 판문점 선언 등이 체결되었으나 그 실효적 결과는 아직 모호한 상황이다. 한편, 문재인 정부는 북미 정상회담을 중재하며 한반도 비핵화를 위한 노력을 다해왔으나 북미 간 하노이 정상회담 결렬 후 그 길을 찾지 못하고 있다.

 

  이 책은 네 가지 세부 의제를 다루고 있다. 이는 한반도 평화프로세스에 대한 이해, 한반도 평화프로세스에 대한 외교적 접근, 한반도 평화프로세스의 수행, 한반도 평화프로세스의 미래 등이다. 과거에 대한 통찰력이 이 책의 기반이다. 과거가 남북한 관계 및 강대국의 대한반도 정책에 관한 많은 시사점을 담고 있기 때문이다. 본 단행본은 한국국제교류재단(KF)이 후원한 2020년도 한국국제정치학회(KAIS)와 오슬로평화연구소(PRIO) 간의 국제학술회의의 결과물이다.





Preface


This book seeks to bring about a greater understanding of Korean peace process by exploring past and present policy toward North Korea since the 1990s. The Korean peace process was initiated in order to resolve the inter-Korean conflict and denuclearize North Korea. In 1998, South Korean President Kim Dae-jung announced a Sunshine Policy towards North Korea and an Inter-Korean summit was held in 2000. In 2006, North Korea conducted its first nuclear test. A second inter-Korean summit was held in 2007.

In 2017 South Korean President Moon Jae-in returned to the Sunshine Policy. A summit between Moon and Kim took place in the South Korean zone of the Joint Security Area, and they signed the Panmunjom Declaration pledging to work towards a permanent peace to the Korean peninsula and the complete denuclearization of Korea.


President Trump met with North Korean leader Kim on June 12, 2018, in the first summit in Singapore. They signed a joint statement, agreeing to reaffirmation of the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, security guarantees for North Korea, recovery of soldiers’ remains, and follow-up high-level talks. President Trump met with Kim Jongun of North Korea on February 27, 2019, in the second summit in Hanoi, Vietnam. The summit was cut short without any agreement. On June 30, 2019, Trump of the US and Moon of South Korea met with Kim of North Korea at the DMZ. At the brief meeting both US and North Korea agreed to resume denuclearization talks, ended in deadlock at the Hanoi Summit. North Korea, nonetheless, continued short–range missile tests in 2019. All the nations around the Korean peninsula demand a regional security system for peace and stability in Northeast Asia. A possible solution is to develop the US-included regional security regime.


This book deals with four main subjects—Understanding of the Korean Peace Process, Diplomatic Approach to the Korean Peace Process, Implementation and Execution of the Korean Peace Process, and Future of the Korean Peace Process. The search for historical lessons is a perpetual one that is fraught with conflicting judgments.

Ignoring such lesson, however, tempts far greater perils. The American philosopher George Santayana mentioned, "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it." The insights inspires and sustains this book. As readers will discover, past is prologue in many aspects of inter-Korean relations and great powers’ foreign policies toward two Koreas.



Acknowledgments


This book is truly a group effort. It is the result of the KAIS(Korean Association of International Studies)-PRIO(Peace Research Institute Oslo) joint academic conference on the Korean peace process hosted by the KAIS and supported by the KF(Korea Foundation).

We appreciate the help of the external reviewers who provided invaluable guidance throughout the texts. We also thank to Professor Youngwan Kim who managed the details of the KF project and assisted in the editorial process, and to Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Knowledge Contents & Press for helping in publishing this book.

Finally, we are deeply grateful to President Geun Lee of the Korea Foundation for supporting the KAIS to publish this book.




<This work was supported by the Korea Foundation and the result of the KAIS(Korean Association of International Studies)-PRIO(Peace Research Institute Oslo) joint academic conference on the Korean peace process.>





Table of contents


Introduction


Chapter 1

The Korean Peace Process in the Context of Conflicts in the Global and Regional Orders

Sang-Hwan Lee · Scott Gates



Understanding of the Korean Peace Process


Chapter 2

The Direction of the Korean Peninsula's Peace from the Perspective of Peace Studies

Soo Hwan Hwang


Chapter 3

South Korea's Tasks on the Peace Process & Unification Policy

Sukhoon Hong



Diplomatic Approach to the Korean Peace Process


Chapter 4

How Commitment Problems Affect the Prospects for Peace in the Korean Peninsula

Scott Gates · Havard Mokleiv Nygård


Chapter 5

A Systematic Analysis of the Trump Foreign Policy: Implications for Northeast Asia and the Korean Peninsula

Dongsoo Kim


Chapter 6

The Impact of U.S.-China Power Competition on the Korean Peace Process

Wonjae Hwang


Chapter 7

Sunrise, Sunset: The Rise and Fall of Inter-Korean Economic Relations

Inhan Kim



Implementation and Execution of the Korean Peace Process


Chapter 8

Political Oppression, Human Rights, and UN Targeted Sanctions: A Case of North Korea

Jiyoun Park · Hyun Jin Choi


Chapter 9

Bridge between South and North Korea: Analysis of South Korean Aid to North Korea for Peace in the Korean Peninsula

Youngwan Kim · Jaeyoung Hur · Jiyoun Park


Chapter 10

What Do We Know and Do Not Know?: Attitudes Toward North Korea and Unification

Jaeyoung Hur · Sanghoon Park


Chapter 11

Japan and South Korea: Can they get along by overcoming the challenges?

Atsushi Tago



Future of the Korean Peace Process


Chapter 12

Be Careful What You Wish For: Security Challenges Facing the Korean Peninsula During a Potential Unification Process

Mason Richey · Daewon Ohn · Jangho Kim · Jae Jeok Park


Chapter 13

Challenges and Opportunities of the 'Korean Peace Process' in the Moon Jae-in Government: Lessons from 'NAPCI' in the Park Geun-hye Government

Eunmi Choi

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